Learning from COVID-19:Shaping a Health and Human Rights Agenda for our Region
Learning from COVID-19:Shaping a Health and Human Rights Agenda for our Region
Groups around our community are coming together to build a strong people’s movement to ensure that we don’t go back to “normal” after the coronavirus pandemic subsides. The inequities and discrimination that existed prior to the pandemic have exacerbated the effects of the crisis, and historically oppressed groups have suffered disproportionately. We need to re-envision a society that prioritizes equity and the human right to health (including the social dimensions of health and well-being), so that every member of our community can live dignified lives. The Human Rights City Alliance and Global Studies Center (Pitt) are helping coordinate this forum along with our diverse partner organizations. Our aim is to promote dialogue and strategic learning that can advance ideas about how to build human rights cities.
Forum Co-sponsors: Pittsburgh Human Rights City Alliance, Global Studies Center (Pitt), Center for Health Equity (Pitt) Center for Urban Education (Pitt); Center for Bioethics and Health Law (Pitt); City of Pittsburgh Commission on Human Relations,UrbanKind Institute University Human Rights Working Group
Housing is Health Care! Why Housing Must Be Treated as a Human Right
Housing is increasingly unaffordable for people around the world and housing insecurity is rising. Together with the CMU Film Festival and other partners, we helped publicize the documentary film, Push, which tells the story of how global banks and investment firms control residential housing around the world and push out low-income residents, turning our communities into sources of private profit. But the film tells another story too: residents are coming together to demand that housing be protected as a human right.
- Watch the film: Push is now available online for people with access to the University of Pittsburgh library. We're working to help make the film accessible to more people, so watch for information!
- View webinars with Leilani Farha, the focus of the film:
- Webinar Part 1: Building a Global Movement to Protect the Right to Housing --Dialogue featuring Leilani Farha—former UN Special Rapporteur on the Human Right to Adequate Housing, joined by housing and human rights leaders from Atlanta, Pittsburgh, and New York view recording here. Panelists include: Carl Redwood Hill District Consensus Group. (Pittsburgh); Dr. Yolande Tomlinson Organization for Human Rights and Democracy & US Human Rights Cities Alliance(Atlanta); Rob Robinson (Facilitator), organizer with the US Human Rights Cities Alliance, International Alliance of Inhabitants, and Partners for Dignity and Rights.
- Webinar Part 2: Movement building for the Human Right to Housing (Nov. 5, 2020) Local organizers from Philadelphia, Atlanta and Pittsburgh joined former UN Special Rapporteur on the Human Right to Housing, Leilani Farha, to discuss ideas for building a powerful cross-city movement for the human right to housing and an end to evictions. View recording. Panelists: Randall Taylor, Penn Plaza Support and Action Coalition & Pittsburgh Human Rights City Alliance Steering Committee member; Sanae Lahgazi-Alaoui, Housing Justice League (Atlanta); Regina Young, Democratic Candidate for PA State Representative (Philadelphia); Carl Redwood, Hill District Consensus Group (Pittsburgh)
- Recognizing Indigenous Peoples Day: Historical Truth-Telling, Reconciliation, and Healing (October 11-October 21). Student human rights leaders compiled the following list of films, podcasts, and short articles and reports to further learning that acknowledges past harms and furthers a process of truth-telling and racial healing. We hope you will explore these and share with others! These readings informed a Community Dialogue: Indigenous Peoples Day: Deconstructing white supremacy and celebrating Indigenous Peoples' history Featured speakers, Miguel Sague, Jr. Member of the Board of Directors of the Council of Three Rivers American Indian Center & Dr. Michael Murphy, assistant professor of sociology. (View recording here).
- Building a Human Rights Cities Movement Against Structural Racism, Webinar recording from Thursday July 9, 2020. In response to Black resistances to dismantle violent police repression and the wider systemic forces that drive racial inequities, the global community has become activated like never before to demand accountability and transformative changes. This webinar reviews the oft-overlooked history of engagement in the United Nations by those struggling for Black emancipation, starting with the 1947 Appeal to the World, and continuing in last month’s unprecedented UN Human Rights Council Urgent Debate on racially inspired human rights violations which featured an opening speech by the brother of George Floyd. Longtime human rights organizers discuss how grassroots activists can engage with international human rights treaties and processes to build powerful networks of alliances against structural racism. Speakers: Dominique Day, Vice-chair, UN Working Group of Experts on People of African Descent; Ejim Dike, former Executive Director, US Human Rights Network; Jamil Dakwar ACLU Human Rights Program Director; Salimah Hankins, Acting Director, US Human Rights Network. Facilitators: Johnaca Dunlap-Ubuntu Institute & US Human Rights Cities Alliance Steering Committee; Rob Robinson-International Alliance of Inhabitants & US Human Rights Cities Alliance Steering Committee. View Recording. This forum was hosted in cooperation with the US Human Rights Cities Alliance
- Local & Global Strategies for Advancing the Human Right to Housing. June 11, 2020 (Recording). The Coronavirus pandemic has exposed and deepened the long-standing housing crisis in our communities. At a time when everyone’s health demands that all residents have a safe and stable home, more and more people face housing insecurity and homelessness. How can cities and communities better protect people’s right to adequate housing? This webinar features Julieta Perucca, assistant to the former UN Special Rapporteur on the Human Right to Adequate Housing and currently Deputy Director of global housing rights initiative, The Shift. Learn about the human right to housing around the world and strategies for using international law and the United Nations to advance housing and other human rights. We’ll hear from leaders in Birmingham and other cities using innovative strategies for keeping people in their homes and expanding affordable housing. City Representatives: Brandon Johnson, Director of the Office of Peace and Policy, City of Birmingham; Daniel Joseph Wiley, Newark Ironbound Community; Crystal Jennings, Housing justice organizer with Pittsburgh’s Penn Plaza Support and Action Coalition & City of Bridges Community Land Trust; Timothy Franzen, American Friends Service Committee & Alison Johnston, Housing Justice League, Atlanta. This forum was hosted in cooperation with the US Human Rights Cities Alliance and its UPR Cities Project, the US Human Rights Network and Columbia Law School Human Rights Institute
- Treating Racism as a Public Health Emergency. (Recording) The COVID-19 crisis has heightened everyone’s vulnerabilities as those furthest behind economically are now visible as the frontline workers providing essential services for our communities. As we consider our post-pandemic future, how can we build our community's capacity to prevent and limit damage from future crises? This forum addresses systemic racism and its impacts. Both the City and County Councils have now passed motions naming racism as a "public health emergency." We consider both why it is necessary to make such public declarations, and how these political statements can inform and shape our advocacy work. While largely symbolic, can these measures be seen as openings for advancing more transformative efforts to eliminate systemic racism? How does this pandemic help clarify the urgent need for fundamental change? Confirmed speakers: Olivia "Liv" Bennett, Allegheny County Council member & sponsor of motion declaring racism a public health emergency; Frederica Phillips, Co-coordinator, Pittsburgh Healthcare Rights Committee-Put People First! PA; Gary Phillips, UPMC worker. Facilitator/Discussant: Dr. Dara D. Mendez, PhD, MPH. Assistant Professor of Epidemiology, University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health. View Recording of Treating Racism as a Public Health Emergency (Thursday May 28, 2020)
- Defending and Advancing Equity & Rights in the COVID-19 Economy Webinar Recording Click here for Slides Gender Equity Commission background slides/J. Ramey
- Our previous forum, “City Budgets in Tough Times: Ensuring Equity and Justice,” reinforced that development must put needs of “furthest behind first,” to ensure health and well-being for all of us. The needs of essential workers and their families must be central in planning and resource allocations. As public budgets shrink, our communities need to work to redirect spending priorities, bring greater transparency and public participation into the budget and planning process, and to reframe debates about taxation and governance. To achieve these goals, we need to build the collective power and unity of community residents. This community forum picks up threads from our previous 2 forums and provides updates on work in our community to address these challenges. Speakers: Jessie Ramey, Chair, City of Pittsburgh Gender Equity Commission; Randall Taylor, Penn Plaza Support & Action Coalition & former School Board member. Facilitator: Jam Hammond, City of Pittsburgh Commission on Human Relations (Thursday May 14, 2020)
- City Budgets in Tough Times: Ensuring Equity and Justice Summary of analyses and lessons from this forum , Speakers: Jamil Bey, Urbankind Institute; Carl Redwood, Hill District Consensus Group; Laura Wiens, Pittsburghers for Public Transit. Facilitator: Jay Ting Walker, Green Party of Allegheny County. Recently Mayor Peduto warned of coming budget cuts in the tens of millions of dollars, calling on Pittsburghers to share the needed sacrifices over coming years. Yet, in “normal” times, public officials care little about equity and shared sacrifice, and low-income neighborhoods and communities of color have seen steady disinvestment and cuts to public services justified by government austerity. Those same communities are now disproportionately called on to perform the “essential work” needed to sustain life and livelihoods during this pandemic. A post-pandemic “normal” requires real equity in budgeting, where we put the needs of those furthest behind first when allocating public funds. For too long the scarcity narrative has dictated our politics. We’ve been told that government austerity is needed to support “economic growth” that will “trickle down” to benefit all. COVID-19 has demonstrated the fatal flaws of this system that fails to support the essential work of caring and providing for the basic needs of our communities. This forum will explore lessons from activism around economic development and equity that can help us reframe the new austerity conversation to prioritize the needs of those long neglected. By centering dignity, equity, and human rights in budget discussions, and by employing more democratic and participatory processes in development planning, we reinforce the robust foundations we need for resilient and just communities. (April 30, 2020)
- Opening Session: Learning from COVID-19: Building an Agenda for Health & Human Rights: Panelists: Dr. Noble Maseru, Director, Center for Health Equity, University of Pittsburgh, Megan Stanley, Executive Director, City of Pittsburgh Commission on Human Relations, Dawn Plummer, Executive Director, Pittsburgh Food Policy Council, Monica Ruiz, Executive Director, Casa San José.
- Summary: Panelists and discussion outlined key challenges around racial disparities, housing, food justice, and the needs and challenges faced in immigrant communities. We began to identify lessons and strategies for building more responsive politics that include voices of Black residents and experts and developing better social safety nets. Questions emerged about how to build broader consciousness about human rights conditions, build cross-sectional peoples movements, and build capacities of marginalized communities. (April 16, 2020 Forum)
Our community forum series seeks to generate ideas and support for actions to enable us to learn from this crisis and better care for the people in our communities--particularly the most vulnerable residents.
- Letter to Mayor Peduto & County Executive Fitzgerald calling for a COVID-19 Social Equity Task Force
- UPDATE:Coronavirus Racial Equity Task Force Proposed in City Council May 5, 2020 Pittsburgh Post-Gazette
National Actions Pittsburgh's Human Rights City Alliance is a member of the US Human Rights Network (USHRN), and through this organization, we participate in national and global work to support human rights and "bring human rights home" to communities everywhere. The USHRN is active at this time to ensure that leaders are attentive to human rights during and following this pandemic.
- The USHRN's Universal Periodic Review Task Force sent the following Letter to the U.S. State Department Deputy Assistant Secretary for Human Rights reminding him of the obligations his office has to ensure that all levels of government-from Executive branch through state and local levels are informed of their human rights obligations under international law. The letter points to important guidance and reminders from the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights in regard to the COVID-19 pandemic. In particular, stressed the universal obligation not to misuse and abuse emergency powers.
- Pittsburgh Human Rights City Alliance joined other human rights organizations in signing this letter to the President of the United Nations Human Rights Council, urging her to “ensure that the rights of people who are living in poverty, and of people experiencing homelessness, are explicitly referenced in the draft Human Rights Council resolution on the human rights implications of the COVID-19 crisis.” The letter points to how global human rights officials are working to make sure national officials center human rights in their responses to COVID-19.
- On April 22, 2020, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on extreme poverty and human rights issued a statement warning that many States’ responses to COVID-19 have had devastating effects on people living in poverty.
- On March 24, 2020, the Chairpersons of the ten U.N. Treaty Bodies called on States “to adopt measures to protect the rights to life and health, and to ensure access to health care to all who need it, without discrimination.” They urged governments to take extra care of those particularly vulnerable to the effects of COVID-19, including “older people, people with disabilities, minorities, indigenous peoples, refugees, asylum seekers and migrants, people deprived of their liberty, homeless people, and those living in poverty.” (emphasis added).
Resources and Links
Reports & Policy Proposals
- Building an Equitable New Normal: Pittsburgh Gender Equity Commission Recommendations
- “No Going Back: Together for an Equitable and Inclusive Los Angeles” and “No Going Back: Policies for an Equitable and Inclusive Los Angeles. Two-part report by USC Equity Research Institute in partnership with the Committee for Greater LA and the UCLA Luskin School for Public Affairs.
- Partners for Dignity & Rights “New Social Contract” campaign
- Coronavirus and Human Rights Fact Sheet-York UK- The Human Rights City of York has provided an overview of the human rights implications of the coronavirus pandemic and policy recommendations aimed at protecting and centering human rights.
- As 100,000 die, the virus lays bare America's brutal fault lines – race, gender, poverty and broken politics The Guardian May 28, 2020
- The Push to Relax COVID-19 Protections Exposes Age-Old Racial Wounds Union of Concerned Scientists,Derrick Z. Jackson May 8, 2020. "[T]he reopening of America is a fatal closing of the door to science, sending common sense, compassion, and the common good into lockdown."
- Will Fundamental Workers’ Rights also Fall Victim to COVID-19? Portside May 14,2020. "Where human rights are the compass, we will be better placed to overcome this pandemic and build resilience for the future”. This includes the right to freedom of association, and to strike, without fear of retaliation."
- “Unmasking the hidden power of cities”. (LA-A New Economy for All LAANE, Partnership for Working Families, In the Public Interest) June 2018.
- : Building Public and Political Momentum to Address Racism as a Public Health Crisis Organizing Toolkit page created by Salud America!, a national Latino-focused organization that creates culturally relevant and research-based stories and tools to inspire people to drive healthy changes to policies, systems, and environments for Latino children and families.
- Southern Mayors: The South Has Something to Say About the 2020 Elections-A coalition of Black mayors in the US South are coming together to promote human rights and equity in their cities. They need our movements to support and expand this effort.
- 1947 Appeal to the World W.E.B. DuBois and early NAACP organizers make this appeal to world leaders as the United Nations was in its early years of development. While this Appeal failed to be adopted by UN member governments, Black emancipation leaders have continued to look beyond U.S. borders to realize human rights and justice. Today we're seeing new gains in this regard.
- UN Human Rights Council Urgent Debate on racially inspired human rights violations. Held on June 17, 2020--this was an unprecedented meeting reflecting the success of human rights activists in pushing world leaders to confront U.S. racism. The session opened with a powerful speech by the brother of George Floyd. The names of other victims were spoken here, and this important world body committed national leaders around the world to further action in response to police brutality and other forms of systemic racism.
- Racism is a Public Health Crisis Public Health Newswire May 29, 2020. Georges Benjamin, executive director of the American Public Health Association, says in a statement responding to the killing of George Floyd and a pandemic: "Racism is a longstanding systemic structure in this country that must be dismantled, through brutally honest conversations, policy changes and practices. Racism attacks people’s physical and mental health. And racism is an ongoing public health crisis that needs our attention now!"
- Lawmakers around the country are declaring racism a “public health emergency” The Guardian, June 12, 2020. Cleveland, Denver, Indianapolis, join Pittsburgh and Milwaukee in declaring health emergency. Counties and states (Ohio and Michigan) may follow. Dr Allison Agwu, an infectious disease specialist at Johns Hopkins School of Medicine observed, “If you declare something an emergency, you’re also saying it’s imperative to address the problem.”
- Birmingham's Office of Peace and Policy-Advances a "Peace Strategy" that involves communities in work to #IncreasethePeace. transform how this city approaches public safety while addressing long-standing racial disparities and inequities.
- Fighting Anti-Blackness Through Budget Justice By Marc Philpart and Chione L. Flegal, Policy Link
- The impact of COVID-19, and the response to the pandemic, on the human rights of people of African descent. International Coalition of People of African Descent Submission to UN Working Group on People of African Descent, May 2020. [English & Espanol] This document provides a global analysis of the experiences and living conditions of People of African Descent as these affect and are affected by COVID-19. It recognizes the International Decade of People of African Descent and makes concrete recommendations for national and global actions to remedy persistent, global racial inequities & injustice.
- We Hurt. We Mourn. We Fight For Transformative Justice. Michael McAfee, Policy Link, June 1, 2020. " growing acknowledgment that traditional police reform—like training and body cameras—does not increase community safety and directs too many resources to bloated law enforcement budgets. Across the country, more people are demanding that these valuable public funds be invested in community infrastructure, services, and programs that address the root causes of poverty and historical trauma. The nation is waking up to the fact that—by design—policing is and will always be violent and unaccountable to oppressed people, including Black, Indigenous, and Latinx people, immigrants, LGBTQ people, and Muslims and other religious groups. The project of abolition involves more than eliminating the system—it means using our radical imagination to dream and create the world that we want to live in. But there are things we can do now. We must immediately defund from and reduce the harm of policing while we build the alternatives that can replace it..." Read more.
- Anti-Racism Resources This document is intended to serve as a resource to white people and parents to deepen our anti-racism work. If you haven’t engaged in anti-racism work in the past, start now. Feel free to circulate this document on social media and with your friends, family, and colleagues.
Policing and International Law
- Defund the Police Versus Community Control: A Critical Analysis Black Agenda Report, June 10. Max Rameau and Netfa Freeman.
- ‘State-sanctioned violence’: US police fail to meet basic human rights standards The Guardian 6/21/20. Report finds not one police department in the 20 largest American cities are compliant with international rights laws study from the University of Chicago has found.
- Deadly Discretion: The Failure of Police Use of Force Policies to Meet Fundamental International Human Rights Law, University of Chicago Law School - International Human Rights Clinic (2020). International Human Rights Clinic. 14.
- DEADLY FORCE: Police Use of Lethal Force in the United States, Amnesty International (2015). This report evaluates U.S. state level compliance with international human rights standards. It concludes that not a single U.S. state has laws that fully comply with globally established guidelines regarding police use of force.
The Human Right to Housing
- The Shift #Right2Housing-The Shift is working to Shift the housing paradigm from its market-orientation to a people-centered, human rights paradigm. Led by the former UN Special Rapporteur on the Human Right to Adequate Housing, Leilani Farha, the organization grows from the recognition that we need a global housing movement to shift the globalized housing and financial markets, and that international law and institutions can empower local communities so we can #MakeTheShift.
- The Great Land Robbery: Land and Housing under Racial Capitalism Webinar hosted by Right To The City and Homes For All, June 5, 2020
- "Now that the world has seen exactly how important home is to the preservation of human life, States have a renewed obligation to protect the social function of housing. This requires concerted action to ensure housing is not reduced to a financial asset or a safe investment." -Leilani Farha, UN Special Rapporteur on the Right to Adequate Housing
- COVID-19 And Housing Rights Page-Statements, Data, and Policy Guidance for Governments
- Media Statement: “Housing, the front line defense against the COVID-19 outbreak”
- 2020 Special Rapporteur Annual Report to UN General Assembly: COVID-19 and the right to adequate housing
- COVID-19 Guidance Note: Protecting Housing from Financialization & Building back a better future (April 28, 2020)
- COVID-19 Guidance Note: Protecting those Living in Homelessness (April 28, 2020)
- COVID-19 Guidance Note: Rent and Mortgage Payers (April 8, 2020)
- COVID-19 Guidance Note: Prohibition of evictions (April 28, 2020)
- How can billions of people 'stay home' to beat Covid-19 without a safe place to live? Leilani Farha, April 29, 2020 The Guardian
- The pandemic shows why we need to treat housing as a right Balakrishnan Rajagopal Washington Post, May 7, 2020
- Examples of Urban Housing Solutions
- Homeward Bound: The Road to Affordable Housing National League of Cities (2019).
- Helping People Keep their Homes-Atlanta
- Response to Pandemic Shows What's Possible in Housing Miles Howard, Shelterforce May 20,2020.
- Birmingham Healthy Communities Assessment Tool: Birmingham is a city working to make real its commitment to human rights and racial equity. It aims to remedy long-standing racial disparities with tools and policies like this one. Our movements must help support these kinds of initiatives in our communities to make real our demands for people-centered human rights.
- “How can we build upon these emergency housing policies?” Could the coronavirus pandemic inspire newfound commitment to expanding America’s permanently affordable and socially owned housing stock? Could it force us to re-evaluate the possibility of funding more community land trusts or cooperative housing projects? Cities like Vienna and Brussels have embraced these models, with promising results.
Work, Life, and Environmental Justice
- Frontline Green New Deal: Grassroots Global Justice Alliance and It Takes Roots—This report and organizing toolkit brings together ideas and lessons from movements led by indigenous, Black, immigrant and other frontline communities. It outlines a vision for a people-centered economic and political system and specifies 14 planks and policy recommendations to move us in the direction of a just and ecologically sound system.
- #DEMOCRATIZINGWORK-Advocates released an op-ed calling for policy makers to "democratize firms; decommodify work; stop treating human beings as resources so that we can focus together on sustaining life on this planet." The op-ed was published in 41 media outlets, including Le Monde, The Guardian, Die Zeit, Boston Globe, across 36 countries, via 27 languages, and signed by more than 3,000 scholars and scientists from more than 650 universities across the globe democratizingwork.org
Budgets, Public Resources, and Democracy
- Fighting Anti-Blackness Through Budget Justice By Marc Philpart and Chione L. Flegal, Policy Link
- Our City Our Voice-Women-led organization supporting participatory budgeting organizing and training.
- Participatory Budgeting Project-Many cities are incorporating participatory budgeting processes to improve public engagement and transparency in local budgeting processes.
- Realizing Human Rights Through Government Budgets, UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, 2017 -This document provides a detailed analysis for policy makers and advocates on government budgeting processes and how steps can be taken to make human rights a priority in allocations of resources. The importance of incorporating meaningful input for civil society, and tools for doing so, are included in this informative resource.
- Human Rights Budgeting-Cooperation Jackson offers insights on how it worked to center human rights in budget conversations in the City of Jackson, MS
- Democracy collaborative Owning the Future: After COVID-19, a new era of community wealth building: Outlines a three-pronged strategy for building community wealth: 1) Buyouts not bailouts; 2) A new green industrial strategy; 3) A new social contract and welfare system.